Title

Viscoplastic Cap Model for Soils under High Strain Rate Loading

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2007

Publication Title

Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering

Volume

133

Issue

2

First Page

206

Last Page

214

Abstract

A viscoplastic cap model of the Perzyna type was developed for simulating high strain rate behaviors of soils. An associative viscous flow rule was used to represent time-dependent soil behaviors. The viscoplastic cap model was validated against experimental data from static and dynamic soil tests. The model was also compared with soil behaviors under creep and stress relaxation with good agreement. However, the model was unable to represent tertiary creep where strain softening became significant. The model was subsequently integrated into LS-DYNA for finite-element simulations of high strain rate behaviors of sandy and clayey soils in explosive tests. The significance of strain rate effect on the soil responses is presented herein. It is concluded that the viscoplastic cap model is adequate for simulations of soil behaviors under high strain rate loading, creep, and stress relaxation, covering a wide range of time-dependent problems.