Dari (Persian) and Pashto are the two official languages of Afghanistan. Official government documents in Afghanistan are published in both languages. Most Afghans are bi-lingual and are fluent in both languages. About 50 percent of Afghans speak Dari, and some 40 percent speak Pashto. Other languages in Afghanistan include Turkic languages (Uzbek and Turkmen), Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristan, and others spoken by minority groups.
Dari and Pashto have extensive literature. Some of their greatest poets include Jalaluddin Rumi, Omar Khayam, Firdausi, Khushal Khan Khattak and Rahman Baba. About 15 percent of the material in the Arthur Paul Afghanistan Collection are in Dari and Pashto. Selected materials from the collection have been digitized in support of research in the area of Afghanistan studies.
The UNO Criss Library holds the Arthur Paul Afghanistan Collection, one of the largest collections of Afghan primary and secondary materials outside of the country. It contains over 20,000 titles in more than 20 languages, including Dari, Pashto, and English.
The document lists 165 laws and practice-legal codes that were issued by the government of Afghanistan from 1310 to 1353 (1931-1975). The list includes starting date for each law and the date of termination of the law, if no more in practice.
Type script, in Dari language
Afghanistan, Press and Information Ministry
The music is provided for a number of special Afghan melodies. These melodies have their origin in the eastern, southern, and southwestern regions of Afghanistan. Some of the songs, in both Pushto and Farsi lyrics, tell the story of young lovers' innermost feelings for each other and the plight of meeting under difficult social conditions. The lyrics tell of the heartaches resulting from these impossible situations and ardent hopes for eventual fulfillment of love. Other songs tell of the Afghan's patriotism, love of the country, and of the proud tradition of sacrificing everything in the cause of motherland.
Fayz Muhammad Katib
Covers the history of Afghanistan from, 17th-20th century. It includes historical events and biographical descriptions of Afghan kings and rulers. The book is in Persian language, in two volumes.
Published in Kabul: Matbaah-i Hurufi-i Dal al-Saltanah, 1331 (1952)
Biographical history of Abdul Rahman Khan, Amir of Afghanistan, in Persian language. volume 1.