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Memoir of Shair Mohammad Kamrany, who was born circa 1901-1902 in Bala Karz, Kandahar. He worked on the family farm until he was drafted into army and sent to Kabul. In the 1920s, King Amanullah Khan modernized Afghanistan, and Kamrany was one of a small group of students sent to the newly-formed USSR to learn to fly, after which he served in the first Afghan air force, including service during the 1929 insurgency which ended Amanullah Khan's reign. The memoir includes a "detailed description of the alignment and re-alignment of the various Pashtun tribes and the activities of the insurgency between Kabul, Jilalabad, Loghar, Kandahar and Kohdaman."


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