Author ORCID Identifier

Huang -

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Air Transport Management





Accurate and economic estimation of aircraft fuel consumption is fundamental for optimizing aviation operations, including emission reduction, flight route planning, and fuel management. Numerous literature presented mathematical models to estimate aircraft fuel consumption but often neglected the challenges of applying those methods in aviation operations. This paper explores a novel strategy to estimate aircraft fuel consumption by modeling flight data from onboard flight data recorder (FDR) and automatic dependent surveillance – broadcast (ADS-B). The Classification and Regression Tree (CART) and Neural Networks (NNs) are adopted for modeling. CART and NN models are developed using FDR data; ADS-B data are used to assess the model performance. The result indicates that the CART model performs better when inputs contain errors and missing values, and the ADS-B data could be used to estimate aircraft fuel consumption as a less-expensive and more convenient strategy compared to the FDR data.


This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Journal of Air Transport Management on January 6, 2022, available online:

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