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Assays to quantify natural killer (NK) cell killing efficacy have traditionally focused on assessing either direct killing or antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) independently. Due to the probability that immunotherapeutic interventions affect NK cell-mediated direct killing and NK cell-mediated ADCC differently, we developed an assay with the capacity to measure NK cell-mediated direct killing and ADCC simultaneously with cells from the same human donor. Specifically, this design allows for a single NK cell population to be split into several experimental conditions (e.g., direct killing, ADCC), thus controlling for potential confounders associated with human-to-human variation when assessing immunotherapy impacts. Our Natural Killer cell Simultaneous ADCC and Direct Killing Assay (NK-SADKA) allows researchers to reproducibly quantify both direct killing and ADCC by human NK cells. Furthermore, this optimized experimental design allows for concurrent analysis of the NK cells via flow cytometric immunophenotyping of NK cell populations which will facilitate the identification of relationships between NK cell phenotype and the subsequent killing potential. This assay will be valuable for assessing the broader impact(s) of immunotherapy strategies on both modes of NK cell killing.


This is an open access article that is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives license.


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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