“This is a presentation examining the cultural influence of rap groups Gang Starr, The Roots, and Rakim to examine their message directed at African American youth culture . . . It is through examining the messages in Rap music that we can educate Black youth about Black culture and Black life at the dawn of the 21st century.”
Smallwood, Andrew P., "Leaders of the New School: A Comparative Analysis of Selected African American Rap Artists" (1998). Black Studies Faculty Proceedings & Presentations. 1.