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Journal of Counseling & Development


The purpose of this study was to examine the bullying participation profiles inrelation to the demographic variables (sex, grade, and ethnicity), and to further inves-tigate the associations between the profiles and student well-being indicators. A finalsample for analyses consisted of 725 elementary school children (fourth to sixthgrades). Four latent profiles were identified through the latent profile analysis: bul-lying passive bystanding (8.00%), victimized active defending (8.41%), uninvolvedpassive bystanding (21.24%), and uninvolved active defending (62.35%). Significantgroup differences were found in key variables representing student well-being, thatis, school connectedness and life satisfaction, across the four latent profiles. Childrenin the uninvolved active defending were found to have the highest levels of studentwell-being. Only sex had a significant association with the profiles of demographicvariables, with boys more likely to belong to the bullying passive bystanding profilethan girls. Implications and future research directions are discussed.


This is and Open Access article, © 2022 The Authors. Journal of Counseling & Development published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Counseling Association (ACA)

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.