This issue of Review of Applied Urban Research features "Issues in School Desegregation" by Peter E. Pflaum.
The current school desegregation crisis in Omaha makes a review of the issues in school desegregation especially relevant. Desegregation first referred to the dismantling of the southern dual school systems. The general principle is that the racial identity of schools should be removed. There should not be 'black' schools or 'white' schools, just schools. Since 1964, the courts have acted not only where the segregation was 'de jure' (by law) but in cases of 'de facto' segregation (where segregation existed without clear action on the part of the state). The argument has been that in the north as well as the south, school boards and other local agencies have acted to maintain separate schools.
(CPAR), Center for Public Affairs Research, "Review of Applied Urban Research 1973, Vol. 1, No. 2" (1973). Publications Archives, 1963-2000. 402.