This issue of Review of Applied Urban Research features "Employment of Black and Hispanic Police Officers," by Sam Walker.
Employment of black and Hispanic police officers in the 50 largest cities in the United States falls short of desirable levels. For both racial groups, employment levels are only half of a hypothetical ideal level. Only two of 50 police departments have achieved a high level of equal employment opportunity compliance with respect to both racial groups. Several police departments have made significant progress in minority employment in recent years, either as a result of voluntary or court-ordered affirmative action plans. At the same time, however, some evidence suggests that layoffs imposed by budgetary constraints have negated recent progress in some departments.
(CPAR), Center for Public Affairs Research, "Review of Applied Urban Research 1983, Vol. 11, No. 6" (1983). Publications Archives, 1963-2000. 478.