Author ORCID Identifier
Armstrong - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6003-0031
This article examines the influence of change in local life circumstances on the short-term criminal behavior of female drug-abusing probationers. Using a binomial hierarchical generalized linear model, we examine the probability that certain “discrete life events” act to modify or change criminal behavior in the short term. The findings indicate that participants' involvement in conventional activities results in the decreased likelihood of engaging in nondrug crimes but an increased likelihood of drug dealing. Faced with this contradiction, we suggest that the dynamics of offending are altered by the nature of the criminal activity itself and the way in which gender structures criminal involvement.
Griffin, M.L. & Armstrong, G.S. (2006). The effect of local life circumstances on female probationers' offending. Justice Quarterly, 20(2), 213-239. https://doi.org/10.1080/07418820300095511
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This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Justice Quarterly on August 20, 2006, available online: