Author ORCID Identifier
Armstrong - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6003-0031
Crime & Delinquency
Expansion in the operation of private sector correctional facilities has sparked a number of debates. A primary concern is that environmental quality for offenders incarcerated in privately operated facilities will be poorer than publicly operated facilities due to the profit motivation of the private sector. This study examined data collected from 48 residential juvenile correctional facilities in 19 states (16 private and 32 public facilities). Self-report surveys, including cognitive assessments of 13 conditions of confinement, were administered to juvenile delinquents (N = 4,121) incarcerated in these facilities. Data from facility records were also incorporated in the analysis. A hierarchical linear model analysis of the juveniles' cognitive assessments indicated that no significant differences between private and public facilities in environmental quality existed.
Armstrong, G.S. & MacKenzie, D.L. (2003). Private versus public juvenile correctional facilities: Do difference in environmental quality exist? Crime and Delinquency, 49(4), 542-563. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128703252403