Author ORCID Identifier
Journal of School Violence
The “once bitten, twice shy” (OBTS) hypothesis argues that crime victims who change their involvement in risky lifestyle behaviors reduce their likelihood of experiencing repeat victimization. Tests of this hypothesis have yielded weak to mixed results, which may be due to methodological issues. We address these methodological issues by testing the OBTS hypothesis for repeat drugging victimization with survey data from a panel of three freshman cohorts at three large, public universities. Supportive of the OBTS hypothesis, the multivariate results show that, on average, those not drugged at Time 1 or Time 2 and those drugged at Time 1 and Time 2 increased the number of days they binge drank in the past month significantly more than those who were drugged at Time 1 only. Our findings have implications for both victimology theory and drugging prevention programming.
Butler, L. C., Fisher, B. S., Schilling, R.*, Lasky, N., & Swan, S. (2021). Change matters: Binge drinking and drugging victimization over time in three college freshman cohorts. Journal of School Violence, 20, 45–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2020.1830787
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