Author ORCID Identifier

Ryan Spohn

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-11-2019

Publication Title

Sociological Spectrum

Volume

39

Issue

1

First Page

53

Last Page

69

Abstract

Criminologists have long questioned whether theories that have focused on male delinquency are equally applicable to female delinquency, a phenomenon termed “gender generalizability.” While a number of studies have used self-reports from offenders, criminologists have yet to extend this issue to crime victims. While controlling for variables derived from victimization theories, we test three criminological perspectives (self-control, differential association, and social bond) on male and female victimization using data obtained from the Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) Program in the United States. Results show that for male victimization, gang membership and indications of a deviant lifestyle (self-reported delinquency) significantly predicted victimization, while associating with pro-social peers and being in a gang were associated with female victimization. Parental monitoring and belong to an intact family reduced victimization for males. Self-reported delinquency consistently predicted victimization across genders.

Comments

This is an original manuscript / preprint of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Sociological Spectrum on 11 May 2019, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02732173.2019.1608341.

Available for download on Wednesday, November 11, 2020

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