Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Criminology and Criminal Justice

First Advisor

Dr. Emily Wright


Important limitations exist in our understanding of prior abuse among incarcerated individuals including whether there are important differences in the type (e.g., physical versus sexual victimization) and timing (e.g., childhood versus adulthood victimization) of abuse, as well as whether and how these problems are distributed among individuals incarcerated in jails. It is important to understand these issues to a) know how abuse is distributed and experienced among individuals incarcerated in jails, b) inform traumainformed policies and procedures within jail settings, c) influence the treatment and programming needs of individuals incarcerated in jails, and d) understand how prior abuse is related to continued criminal behavior among individuals incarcerated in jails. Findings from this dissertation indicate that: 1) prior abuse is prevalent among individuals incarcerated in jails, 2) victimization history predicts lower recidivism in the long-term, and 3) considering gender differences impact on the type and timing of abuse on recidivism. Recommendations for future research and policy implications for jail administration are discussed.


This dissertation was published open access.