Author ORCID Identifier

Ben O. Smith

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-13-2018

Publication Title

The Journal of Economic Education

Volume

49

Issue

2

First Page

220

Last Page

221

Abstract

In 2016, Walstad and Wagner released an article that suggested practitioners should disaggregate value-added learning scores into four categories: positive, negative, retained, and zero learning. Positive learning is said to occur when a student answers a question incorrectly on the pre-test and correctly on the post-test. Negative learning is said to occur when the student correctly answers the question on the pre-test but incorrectly on the post-test. Retained learning is said to occur when the student answers the question correctly on both exams and zero learning is said to occur when the student answers the question incorrectly on both exams. Smith and Wagner (2017) improved on this work by adjusting the learning categories for guessing.

Comments

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in THE JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION on 13 March 2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00220485.2018.1438863.

Available for download on Friday, September 13, 2019

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