Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. Kay A. Keiser


The purpose of this study was to examine graduate students' perceptions of online synchronous and asynchronous courses in peer engagement, teacher presence, and course design and materials. It further compared differences in synchronous and asynchronous courses, and whether graduate students' perceptions differed due to student age, number of courses taken, student gender, and student part/full time status. Online courses continue to be in demand well after the COVID19 pandemic forced universities to shift to remote learning. Students, especially nontraditional students, often prefer the convenience and flexibility synchronous and asynchronous courses have to offer (Croxton, 2014; Yamagata-Lynch, 2014). This study analyzed survey responses from masters, specialist, and doctoral students in a College of Education, Health, and Human Services regarding their perceptions of teacher presence, course design and materials, and peer engagement in online synchronous and asynchronous courses. This study found a difference in perceptions between synchronous and asynchronous students in teacher presence, course design and materials, and peer engagement. A statistically significant relationship in respondent’s perception between age and peer engagement, age and course design and materials, as well as course load and peer engagement were also analyzed.


The author holds to the copyright to this work. Reach out to the author directly for any reuse or permissions.