Author ORCID Identifier

Tsai -

Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2020

Publication Title

Interaction Design & Architechture(s)



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The sudden onset of the COVID-19 pandemic severely disrupted universities around the world. In the two weeks following a shelter–in-place order, all the actors of the educational system were forced to transition to remote education. This shift required a new reliance upon technologies that these individuals might never have adopted at all, often with significant difficulties. In this paper, we present a qualitative study on a university-wide survey dataset describing student and faculty experiences of abruptly transitioning to remote teaching and learning during the spring 2020 semester at the Pennsylvania State University. We performed an inductive thematic analysis to identify the challenges and opportunities that arose during the transition. Our findings contribute to building better tools, curriculum, and supports for remote education, particularly during an unexpected crisis.


This is an open access article that is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial and NoDerivatives.

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.