Evidence-Based Practices Brief #5
Research finds that mental health symptoms are prevalent amongst youths in the juvenile justice system (Teplin et al. 2015), with clinical prevalence rates as high as 70% (Vincent et al., 2008), compared with an estimated 9 to 22% of the general population (Shubert & Mulvey, 2014). Studies have found that the prevalence rates of mental health disorders increases at each juvenile justice system point—with prevalence rates lowest when examining youth at intake (e.g., probation or family court) and becoming greater as we examine later system points, such as diversion (Wylie & Rufino), detention, and post-adjudicatory correctional facilities (Wasserman et al. 2010).
Wylie, Lindsey; Hobbs, Anne M.; and Juvenile Justice Institute, University of Nebraska at Omaha, "Nebraska's Community-based Aid Mental Health Services" (2020). Reports. 26.