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Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism,


Creativity, specifically creative problem solving, is often excluded from Homeland Security Enterprise efforts to train and develop their workforces. To determine if this lack of training was a key knowledge gap in the communities, we drew on organisational creativity literature. Using the personnel databases O*NET and Careers in the Military Database, we conducted a training needs assessment by identifying relevant job tasks, knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSA) that align with the creative process. More specifically, we sought to identify the need for creative problem-solving training and designated creative thinking time (e.g. red teaming) to influence innovative intelligence capabilities. Based on our findings, we recommend creativity training to facilitate creative thinking and action. Moreover, we outline situational and individual factors that will affect the transfer of the training, such as organisation environment, leadership, and creative self-efficacy. The impact of these recommendations will aid security, counterterrorism, and intelligence communities to efficiently detect and prevent emerging threats, as well as develop intelligence products to further support the Homeland Security Enterprise mission.


This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in the Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism on [May 15, 2023], available online:

Available for download on Friday, November 15, 2024