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As part of a NCITE funded project, the “Building Family Resilience as a Form of Terrorism Prevention" focuses on how to support bystanders' response to potential radicalization of someone they know and care about. While this project addresses the relationship among family members, the study has broader application to other types of bystanders such as K-12 educators, school counselors, and athletic coaches; all of whom are well positioned to prevent and intervene with youth radicalization. The project is focused on how relatives interpret potential “warning signs” and what, if any, action they pursue to address perceived radicalization. As part of this study, we assess whether relatives contact any governmental or non-governmental authorities to help address the issue.