This report summarizes and assesses open-source evidence about transnational ties between violent extremist groups based in the United States and foreign state and non-state actors. Drawing from the detailed group profiles developed by the Mapping Militants Project, we find that the violent RMVE and AGAAVE universe is characterized by unstructured connections. U.S.-based RMVE and AGAAVE groups do not engage in widespread or systematic cooperation with foreign state and non-state actors. Rather, the connections that do exist across national borders are episodic, informal, fluid, and largely undirected. While we expect that these ties will not result in coordinated mass-casualty attacks in the near term, transnational relationships clearly have the potential to inspire acts of domestic terrorism by amplifying dangerous ideologies and spreading tactics and strategies to commit violence.
Crenshaw, Martha; Robinson, Kaitlyn; and National Counterterrorism Innovation, Technology, and Education Center, "Transnational Ties Between Selected U.S. and Foreign Violent Extremist Actors: Evidence from the Mapping Militants Project" (2023). Reports, Projects, and Research. 44.