Author ORCID Identifier

Adam Weaver

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Publication Title

Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth



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Proximity control is a common component of many classroom management strategies and has been shown to reduce disruptive behavior as well as increase academic engagement among students. Much of the research on proximity control to date has been conducted in structured classroom settings or in combination with other behavioral management techniques. This applied study investigated the effect of proximity control on student behavior in a large, unstructured setting using an ABAB withdrawal design. Results indicate that staff proximity was effective at reducing inappropriate student behavior. The study also explored the acceptability of the treatment among staff participants. Staff reported lower levels of acceptability for the implementation of proximity control compared to pretreatment methods of monitoring. A discussion of these findings and implications is included.


This is an original manuscript / preprint of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth on 2 April 2020, available online:

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