Partnerships between community and academic institutions are the cornerstones of academic service-learning. While the term "academic service-learning" emerged in the 90's, civic or citizenship education has been part of academic curriculums for centuries. Hospitality management programs at two-(n=63) and four-year (n=79) institutions were surveyed for this study using a 21 question faxed survey and two-year (52%) and four-year (48%) institutions responded. Results indicated that academic service-learning was not as prevalent in hospitality management programs of four-year institutions as anticipated, while two-year (67%) institutions had higher participation.
Overall results showed that hospitality program directors did not identify what influences inclusion/exclusion. The perceived difference between institutions in the importance to include academic service-learning in the hospitality management curriculum was not clearly identified. The importance of inclusion in hospitality curriculum was inconclusive.
Ward, Verna M., "Service-learning: Comparison of Hospitality Programs in Two- and Four-Year Institutions" (2000). Dissertation and Thesis. 41.