Document Type


Publication Date



Service learning is an undergraduate education strategy found across four program areas funded by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF). This cross-foundation, retrospective evaluation examines 35 projects of $100,000 or more funded between 1985-95. Study information was based on qualitative data and approaches, with the majority of project activities and results self-reported by grantees. Written surveys and review of annual progress reports submitted by grantees were augmented by follow-up telephone inquiries and e-mails. Four international projects are included in the evaluations. Most projects used approaches involving classroom learning, community service, and reflection on service within the context of coursework. The report notes that overall about 90 percent of WKKF-funded service learning efforts continued beyond the life of the grant. Projects leveraged over $14 million in additional support and in-kind contributions. Service learning was implemented successfully in a wide range of higher education institutions nationwide, often becoming an integral part of, and sometimes the catalyst for, revision of curricula and development of new programs. Service learning projects were seen to meet students' needs for relevance and application, as well as a range of community needs. Findings support service learning as a powerful educational tool that can help develop students' leadership skills and sense of civic responsibility.