Troubled children are rarely afforded the opportunity to view themselves as valuable and worthy. Because they are often in the role of care-recipients, they are not challenged to be, nor do they see themselves as capable of being, caregivers. Although many child and youth programs seek to provide these opportunities, a systematic and effective program for doing so has been lacking.
Ioele, Michelle D. and Dolan, Anne L., "Teaching Courage: Service Learning at Pathway School" (1992). School K-12. 31.