Carl A. Bade

Document Type

Response or Comment

Publication Date



Many of the writers, conceptual developers, and advocates of a National Service Program for the United States credit William James with issuing, in 1910, the first call to youth to be enlisted in a program entitled "The Moral Equivalent of War,'' The program was envisioned to engage youth in industrial work and social service, according to their skills and interests. While that did not come to fruition, we saw some forms of it instituted during the bleak days and years of the Great Depression in the 1930's. Thousands of youth were enlisted in the Civilian Conservation Corps beginning in 1933, and even more thousands of youth were employed under the National Youth Administration. These programs came to an end as we entered World War II, and the nation sent its young men and some young women to war. Meanwhile, all of America entered a war economy.