Presentation Title

The Relationship Between Individual Difference Factors and Components of Creativity

Advisor Information

Roni Reiter-Palmon

Location

Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library

Presentation Type

Poster

Start Date

7-3-2014 1:00 PM

End Date

7-3-2014 4:00 PM

Abstract

Creativity is the production of novel and useful ideas in any domain. In order to be considered creative, a product or idea must be different from what has been done before. However, it cannot be different just for the sake of being different. The product or idea must be appropriate to the situation at hand, correct, valuable, or expressive of meaning. Creativity does not represent a unitary psychological attribute, but rather an outcome of a dynamic interplay of certain individual and situational variables (Amabile, 1982). There is an agreement among researchers that these components usually include cognitive ability, cognitive style, motivation, and the environment as sources of stimulation (Dodds, Smith, & Ward, 2002; Moss, 2002).Creative thinking skills are important because they are useful in any domain. The psychological study of creativity is essential to human progress. It is important to study the social variables that can positively or negatively influence creative performance in order to aid the comprehensive description of creative personality, its development, and it’s manifestation (Amabile, 1982).The purpose of this paper is to examine the elements of creativity (i.e., solution quality and originality) separately and identify differential relationships among intelligence, personality, and creative engagement measures. Solution originality refers to the novelty of an idea or the degree to which people engage in deep exploration of their knowledge. The product must be unusual, statistically infrequent, or completely unique (Amabile, 1982). Solution quality refers to whether or not the product is correct in the context of the specific problem and solves the issue at hand. Individual differences, such as intelligence (Sternberg & O’Hara, 1999) and openness to experience (George & Zhou, 2001), have been positively associated with creative problem solving. This paper will focus on rating the quality and originality of solutions separately. We expect these two components of creativity to have separate relationships with these individual difference measures of intelligence, openness to experience, and how often one engages in creative behaviors.

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Mar 7th, 1:00 PM Mar 7th, 4:00 PM

The Relationship Between Individual Difference Factors and Components of Creativity

Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library

Creativity is the production of novel and useful ideas in any domain. In order to be considered creative, a product or idea must be different from what has been done before. However, it cannot be different just for the sake of being different. The product or idea must be appropriate to the situation at hand, correct, valuable, or expressive of meaning. Creativity does not represent a unitary psychological attribute, but rather an outcome of a dynamic interplay of certain individual and situational variables (Amabile, 1982). There is an agreement among researchers that these components usually include cognitive ability, cognitive style, motivation, and the environment as sources of stimulation (Dodds, Smith, & Ward, 2002; Moss, 2002).Creative thinking skills are important because they are useful in any domain. The psychological study of creativity is essential to human progress. It is important to study the social variables that can positively or negatively influence creative performance in order to aid the comprehensive description of creative personality, its development, and it’s manifestation (Amabile, 1982).The purpose of this paper is to examine the elements of creativity (i.e., solution quality and originality) separately and identify differential relationships among intelligence, personality, and creative engagement measures. Solution originality refers to the novelty of an idea or the degree to which people engage in deep exploration of their knowledge. The product must be unusual, statistically infrequent, or completely unique (Amabile, 1982). Solution quality refers to whether or not the product is correct in the context of the specific problem and solves the issue at hand. Individual differences, such as intelligence (Sternberg & O’Hara, 1999) and openness to experience (George & Zhou, 2001), have been positively associated with creative problem solving. This paper will focus on rating the quality and originality of solutions separately. We expect these two components of creativity to have separate relationships with these individual difference measures of intelligence, openness to experience, and how often one engages in creative behaviors.