Advisor Information

Jenna Yentes

Location

Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library

Presentation Type

Poster

Start Date

3-3-2017 12:30 PM

End Date

3-3-2017 1:45 PM

Abstract

“Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) the third leading cause of death in the United States.” “While COPD is defined in terms of fixed airflow limitation, it’s also characterized by the frequent association of complications outside the lung, including compromised balance.” Research has shown “medio-lateral (i.e., side-to-side) balance is altered in patients with COPD compared to controls and is further affected by challenging sensory systems (e.g., eyes closed or uneven surface).” “Smoking increases risk for onset of COPD”, therefore the objective of this study was to investigate balance in smokers. It’s hypothesized that smokers will demonstrate balance deficits, compared to never-smokers. Two healthy, female subjects age- and weight-matched, one smoker and one never-smoker, were recruited. The smoker self-reported smoking 15 cigarettes every day for 20 years; the never-smoker reported never smoking a cigarette. Three trials were performed under normal standing, standing on an uneven surface using an Airex® balance pad, and with eyes closed while standing on the same uneven surface. The findings show the smoker has a reduced range of motion for all major, lower extremity joints and an erratic change in center of pressure sway when compared to the never-smoker. This data supports the hypothesis that smokers show deficits in balance when compared to never-smokers. The results of this study lead to the conclusion that there is a balance deficiency in smokers compared to never-smokers. Further investigation could lead to early testing and interventions in smokers, to address balance deficiencies.

Comments

Winner of Meritorious Graduate Poster Presentation

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Mar 3rd, 12:30 PM Mar 3rd, 1:45 PM

A Comparison of balance between a Smoker and Never-Smoker

Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library

“Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) the third leading cause of death in the United States.” “While COPD is defined in terms of fixed airflow limitation, it’s also characterized by the frequent association of complications outside the lung, including compromised balance.” Research has shown “medio-lateral (i.e., side-to-side) balance is altered in patients with COPD compared to controls and is further affected by challenging sensory systems (e.g., eyes closed or uneven surface).” “Smoking increases risk for onset of COPD”, therefore the objective of this study was to investigate balance in smokers. It’s hypothesized that smokers will demonstrate balance deficits, compared to never-smokers. Two healthy, female subjects age- and weight-matched, one smoker and one never-smoker, were recruited. The smoker self-reported smoking 15 cigarettes every day for 20 years; the never-smoker reported never smoking a cigarette. Three trials were performed under normal standing, standing on an uneven surface using an Airex® balance pad, and with eyes closed while standing on the same uneven surface. The findings show the smoker has a reduced range of motion for all major, lower extremity joints and an erratic change in center of pressure sway when compared to the never-smoker. This data supports the hypothesis that smokers show deficits in balance when compared to never-smokers. The results of this study lead to the conclusion that there is a balance deficiency in smokers compared to never-smokers. Further investigation could lead to early testing and interventions in smokers, to address balance deficiencies.