Presentation Title

Dominance vs. Mastery: Agentic and Communal Goals Across Two Cultures

Advisor Information

Carey S. Ryan

Location

Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library

Presentation Type

Poster

Start Date

2-3-2018 12:30 PM

End Date

2-3-2018 1:45 PM

Abstract

We assessed the validity of a widely used measure of communal and agentic goal orientations among Americans (Study 1) and Arab and Jewish Israeli women (Study 2). Results suggested the measure actually assesses communal, mastery, and dominance goals. Communal goals were more strongly endorsed than dominance goals, particularly among women (vs. men), but not among Arab (vs. Jewish) Israeli women. Communal goals predicted perceived fit in an organization described as relationship-focused and dominance goals predicted perceived fit in an organization described as entrepreneurial. Findings suggest improvements in measurement and highlight the need for further cross-cultural research on gender roles, which may ultimately help improve workplaces and reduce gender disparities around the world.

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COinS
 
Mar 2nd, 12:30 PM Mar 2nd, 1:45 PM

Dominance vs. Mastery: Agentic and Communal Goals Across Two Cultures

Dr. C.C. and Mabel L. Criss Library

We assessed the validity of a widely used measure of communal and agentic goal orientations among Americans (Study 1) and Arab and Jewish Israeli women (Study 2). Results suggested the measure actually assesses communal, mastery, and dominance goals. Communal goals were more strongly endorsed than dominance goals, particularly among women (vs. men), but not among Arab (vs. Jewish) Israeli women. Communal goals predicted perceived fit in an organization described as relationship-focused and dominance goals predicted perceived fit in an organization described as entrepreneurial. Findings suggest improvements in measurement and highlight the need for further cross-cultural research on gender roles, which may ultimately help improve workplaces and reduce gender disparities around the world.