Presentation Title

It Rings a Bell: Memorys Impact on Information Utilization by Novice Designers in the Early Design Process

Presenter Information

Attakias MertensFollow

Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9584-9581

Advisor Information

Dr. Christine Toh

Location

225

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Start Date

1-3-2019 10:30 AM

End Date

1-3-2019 11:45 AM

Abstract

Research in new product design still lacks an understanding of how the types of information used by designers can lead to more successful designs and what cognitive components are involved in the process of generating new ideas. Some theories have arisen that focus on memory usage that could have an impact in idea generation early on in the design process. As a first step to address this gap, an Information Archetypes Framework was developed in previous work to outline the different dimensions and levels of information commonly used by designers. This framework forms the basis of the current study, focused on identifying the underlying cognitive processes that are active during the design process. To accomplish this, undergraduate students were recruited from the University of Nebraska-Omaha. During the study, participants were presented a design problem, given information pieces that corresponded to the Information Archetypes Framework, and asked to generate ideas for a solution. Students were then asked to recall the information pieces from memory. Participants’ data were analyzed using Linguistic Inquiry Word Count for relevant cognitive mechanisms. Scores from this were assessed for relationships using Spearman correlations. This study was able to demonstrate different forms of memory usage within the early design process.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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Mar 1st, 10:30 AM Mar 1st, 11:45 AM

It Rings a Bell: Memorys Impact on Information Utilization by Novice Designers in the Early Design Process

225

Research in new product design still lacks an understanding of how the types of information used by designers can lead to more successful designs and what cognitive components are involved in the process of generating new ideas. Some theories have arisen that focus on memory usage that could have an impact in idea generation early on in the design process. As a first step to address this gap, an Information Archetypes Framework was developed in previous work to outline the different dimensions and levels of information commonly used by designers. This framework forms the basis of the current study, focused on identifying the underlying cognitive processes that are active during the design process. To accomplish this, undergraduate students were recruited from the University of Nebraska-Omaha. During the study, participants were presented a design problem, given information pieces that corresponded to the Information Archetypes Framework, and asked to generate ideas for a solution. Students were then asked to recall the information pieces from memory. Participants’ data were analyzed using Linguistic Inquiry Word Count for relevant cognitive mechanisms. Scores from this were assessed for relationships using Spearman correlations. This study was able to demonstrate different forms of memory usage within the early design process.