Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Carl I. Greenberg
Donald J. Grandgenett
An experiment was conducted to examine the relationships among dogmatism, perceived fairness, and subjects’ affective responses and performance effectiveness. One hundred and twenty male and female university students were divided into three equity treatment groups: equity, and inequity with ability or without ability to control their inputs. Each inequity group was informed that greater inputs were demanded of them than were demanded of the other groups in exchange for the same rewards. Subjects were also blocked on three levels of dogmatism. Each dependent variable was subjected to analysis of variance in a 3 X 3 factorial design. Inequity with input-control subjects reduced performance, while those experiencing inequity without control reduced affect, in order to restore equity. Dogmatism appeared to moderate the relationship between equity and affect. Dogmatism was inversely related to perceived equity and to affect. However, dogmatism was independent of performance effectiveness. Equity was the single factor affecting performance. Evidently, dogmatism, as an index of an individual's value system, relates to behavior in a manner that supports previous research in Social Exchange, Protestant Ethic, and Equity theories.
Rosenkrantz, S. Alan, "Dogmatism and inequality: Effects on affect and performance" (1980). Student Work. 101.