Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
For an environment to produce a change in attitude, or at least begin that transformation, it is necessary to view it as part of the communication/persuasion process. Environments both reflect communication and modulate it, channel it, control it, facilitate it, or even inhibit it (Rapoport, 1982). Environmental meaning is often expressed through signs, materials, colors, forms, sizes, furnishings, landscaping, maintenance, and even in some instances, by people themselves (Bachelard, 1969; Blomeyer, 1979; Cralik, 1976). Therefore, spatial meanings or messages can be conveyed by walls or other sharp breaks, or by transitions (Reed, 1974). Thus, environment can produce a sense of "belonging" (Brebner, 1982) which adds to the comfort felt in the milieu. All people seem to share a need for comfort in their environment, but it is significant that people seem to define "comfort" or "belonging" according to perceptual filters that are definitely their own (Broadbent, Bunt, and Jencks [Eds.J, 1980).
Gaughan, James M., "Environmental persuasion and Roman Catholic Church interior design after Vatican Council II, 1963-present: A case study of Notre Dame Chapel, Omaha, Nebraska" (1988). Student Work. 106.