Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Jim Thomas

Second Advisor

Dr. Wayne Harrison


Voice (having one’s say in an allocation procedure) was investigated for two different types of content (instrumental voice and expressive voice) associated with conditions of perceived intrumentality of voice and interactional fairness given by the allocator. One hundred and four undergraduate students at a midwestern university were used in a 2x2 factorial design. Data were collected from free form comments and a post-experimental questionnaire after subjects reacted to a simulated performance appraisal situation. Results did not show that voice content differed across conditions. Procedural justice perceptions were increased by a high level of interactional fairness and by a high level of instrumentality of voice.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Psychology and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright Patrick J. Menke January, 1990