Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Economic theories of fertility are tested on Norwegian time series data for the period 1962-1991. The Easterlin hypothesis receives the most attention, and generally little evidence is found to support this hypothesis. Large relative cohort size ratios, however, seem to support the Easterlin hypothesis more than small ones. A New Home Economics model with a special emphasis on male income and female wages is also estimated, and results are obtained favoring this model. Finally, the problem with effective time lags in economic fertility models is tested, and in general an effective time lag of two years is favored. Since women's liberation is social liberation, the New Home Economics model predicts a rather dark picture of future fertility. Based on the empirical results, increased equality between the sexes will have the unevitable side effect of reduced fertility.
Christiansen, Terje, "The Economics of Fertility: The Case of Norway" (1994). Student Work. 1945.