Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Dr. Roger Harvey
Since the beginning of man, the human race has had the problem of dealing with those individuals who could not function and learn as well in society as could the great majority. The vast majority of them are best known by the label, retarded. In ancient times, they were persecuted, mistreated, and even left to die . The rise of Christianity had not significantly improved their lot, and it wasn't until the 19th century that men and women such as Itard, Sequin, Montessori, and Decroly began to investigate their potential. Despite considerable effort, many thousands of retarded children and adults are still treated like subhumans in institutions in every state. There are presently 200,000 retarded in state institutions, and another 20,000 in private ones. Thousands more are incorrectly residing in insitutions for the mentally ill. Most were institutionalized on the advice of physicians.
Kelly, Nancy Karen, "A Study of the Advice and Counsel given by Omaha Pediatricians and General Practitioners to the Parents of Retarded Children" (1973). Student Work. 1953.
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