Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
The infant enters the world with certain abilities that allow him or her to interact with the environment. Early on infants demonstrate a preference in viewing the human face (Fantz, 1968) and selectively responding to the sounds of human speech (Eimas, Sigueland, Jusczyk, & Vigorito, 1971). The early development of perceptual sensitivities enable the infant to become a partner in the social environment. It has been suggested that the ability to engage in social interactions provides the infant with the structure to organize cognitive and affective experiences (Stern, Beebe, Jaffe, & Bennett, 1977). Through the interaction process the infant first learns such aspects of functioning as the rules governing conversational turn taking (Bateson, 1975; Schaffer, Coll is & Parsons, 1977), attachment to the caregiver (Ainsworth, Bell, & Slayton, 1974; Blehar, Lieberman, & Ainsworth, 1977), problem solving and sociability (Matas, Arend, & Sroufe, 1978; Pastor, 1981), and curiosity and ego control (Arend, Gove, & Sroufe, 1979).
Basel, Karol, "A comparison of relation-breaking behaviors, relation-maintaining behaviors, and maternal sensitivity in population of handicapped and non-handicapped infants" (1998). Student Work. 196.