Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Joe Davis

Second Advisor

Robert Butler

Third Advisor

Judy Harrington


This study investigated the theories and techniques used by the practicum students and former graduates of the master’s level agency counseling program at the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO), which is certified and approved by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). Also studied were the theories and techniques learned at UNO and elsewhere.

Two-hundred and forty questionnaires were mailed to former graduates of which thirty-seven percent were returned. Twenty-four practicum students were administered the questionnaire in person.

Descriptive analysis of the data demonstrated diversity between the theories and techniques used by practicum students, recent graduates (< 5 years out of the program), former graduates (5-9 years out of the program), and former graduates (greater than 9 years out of the program). It can be seen from analysis of the results that counselors become more diversified in their use of theories and techniques as time out of the program increases. The final chapter briefly describes a need for counseling students to know themselves and become more aware of their own beliefs, values, and views and concludes with recommendations for further study.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Counseling and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts University of Nebraska at Omaha.

Included in

Counseling Commons