The Influence on Gender and the Interaction of Gender and Race on Juvenile Justice Decision-Making in Three Counties in Iowa
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Dr. Cassia Spohn
Dr. Samuel Walker
Dr. Mary Ann Lamanna
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of gender and the interaction of gender and race on juvenile court processing. Specifically, this thesis examined whether males and females received differential treatment within the juvenile justice system in three counties in Iowa. Moreover, the current study addresses the possibility that gender differences in case outcome may be confounded by the race of the juvenile. The five stages of the juvenile justice system included in the study were: intake, petition, initial appearance, adjudication, and judicial disposition. While the outcomes available to decision-makers vary by stage, the most severe outcome at each stage is represented as the outcome which sends the juvenile further into the system. At judicial disposition, the most severe outcome is lock-up in a secure facility. The three hypotheses tested suggest that males will be treated more harshly than females, that white females will be treated more leniently than all other groups, and that black males will be treated more harshly than all other groups at each of the five stages of the system. A sample of 4,798 white and black youth referred to juvenile court services in three counties in Iowa for the period from 1980 to 1990 were examined. Results of logistic regression offer only limited support for two of the hypotheses tested. Specifically, males were treated more harshly than females only at intake; and white females were treated more leniently than all other gender/race groups at intake. The discussion provides possible explanations for the gender/race differences that were found. The present study reemphasizes the need to examine the impact of the gender/race interaction rather than of gender alone.
Cargin, Molly Ann, "The Influence on Gender and the Interaction of Gender and Race on Juvenile Justice Decision-Making in Three Counties in Iowa" (1993). Student Work. 2193.
A Thesis Presente to the Department of Criminal Justice and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright Molly Ann Cargin June, 1993