Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Dr. Samuel Walker
According to the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, more than one-half of the defendants brought into a magistrate's court are released or convicted and sentenced within twenty-four hours of their arrest. The rest await final disposition for days, weeks, sometimes months. Bail is recognized by law for the sole purpose of assuring the defendant's appearance at trial, yet it is commonly used as a means of keeping what the judge determines as potentially dangerous defendants in jail. In a great number of cases this procedure is ineffective. Professional criminals, criminals connected with organized crime generally have little trouble posting bail although they are clearly dangerous.
Illsley, Barbara J., "An Analysis of Bail Setting and Jail Capacity" (1977). Student Work. 2271.