Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. John M. Newton

Second Advisor

Dr. James O. Johnston

Third Advisor

Dr. D. T. Pedrini

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Francis Hurst


Thirty years ago Sidney Pressey (1926) published an article describing an apparatus for presenting multiple choice questions which gave the student immediate feedback regarding the correctness of his response to the questions. Although this device was intended to be a "testing machine" rather than a "teaching machine", it is often generously designated the status of being the first teaching machine. Pressey's machine had little impact upon the educational world and for a generation teaching machines were all but forgotten. In the 1950's B.F. Skinner began the modern movement to automate education. Psychologists, but as noted by Bugeleki (1964, p. 208) "not necessarily as psychologists" have been largely responsible for the recent excitement about teaching machines.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Psychology and the Faculty of the College of Graduate Studies University of Omaha In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts. Copyright L. Xavier Keele August, 1966

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