Date of Award
Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)
Making use of community resources in the instruction of social studies is an accepted practice in the elementary school (Zellers, 1981). Even though this is an accepted practice, teachers with many different subjects to teach, often see the field trip as a "free day" or a time when someone else takes over the tutelage of their class (O'Toole, 1981). For those teachers who wish to take advantage of the field trip, there is not much help available. Jack Mason, in an annotated bibliography of field trip research, wrote that writers often notice a lack of reports about field trips when analyzing research (Mason, 1981). However, this is often left out in favor of more cognitive experiences for the students.
Spangler, Susan E., "Assessing the Impact of a Field Trip Training Package Using Creative Talents In Planning and Executing a Field Trip" (1982). Student Work. 2353.