Date of Award
Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)
Dr. Lisa Kelly-Vance
Dr. Hans Langner
Dr. Tom Lorsbach
Controversy over how to teach reading centers around phonics and whole language and whether phonics should be taught in isolation. Previous studies have compared the two methods rather than combinations of both, and have utilized standardized tests that have questionable usefulness. This study proposed that curriculum based measurement is a more accurate measurement. Reading probes were administered to 38 students in nongraded classrooms. Both classrooms incorporated phonics into whole language curriculums; however, only one classroom used the Spalding method of phonics instruction. A pretest, posttest design was utilized, and gain scores were compared using a t-test. Results indicated a significant difference in fluency gain. The hypothesis that the classroom integrating the Spalding method would exhibit greater fluency gain was supported.
Loper, Ellen M., "Sounding Out the Reading Debate: The Efficacy of Explicit Phonics Instruction Within a Whole Language Reading Curriculum" (1997). Student Work. 2435.