Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)



First Advisor

Dr. Norm Hamm

Second Advisor

Dr. Robert Woody

Third Advisor

Dr. Elliott Ostler


Seasonal assessments of oral reading rates were obtained from rural first and second grade elementary students. The rates were obtained by administering reading probes selected from the school's curriculum and administered during the fall, winter, and spring months. The obtained rates were then compared to establish prescriptive for frustration, instructional, and mastery level reading standards. The results indicated that the first grade participants were significantly below frustration and mastery reading levels for the fall and winter assessments respectively. However, the first grade participants' were significantly above the mastery level prescriptive during the spring assessment. The second grade participants were at the frustration level during the fall assessment. At the winter assessment, second grade participants' oral reading rates did not differ significantly from the recommended mastery level prescriptive. However, the spring assessment revealed oral reading rates significantly above the suggested prescriptive for mastery level. Also, changes in seasons were associated with equal increases in oral reading rate. A rationale was presented for why the standard normal learning curve was obtained.


A Field Project Presented to the Department of Psychology and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska at Omaha In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Specialist in Education University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright Teresa R. Oswald February, 1996