Date of Award
Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)
Staff development, including in-service education, is an excellent method for improving instruction in our schools. Five common components of in-service models (needs assessment, establishing priorities, determining objectives, developing a program format, and evaluation) and four recommendations are discussed. Based on a selective literature review, three models of in-service education are presented based on two levels of operation. Orientation (expanding general knowledge) and In-Depth, Long-Term (emphasizing learning new skills) and three elements required for educational change; personal, organization-related, and curriculum-related development. The model used by a local school district is investigated and critiqued. Recommendations for empirical research are given.
Gifford, Leanne Aurand, "Staff Development Models in Education Compared to Actual Practice" (1988). Student Work. 2499.