Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)


Educational Leadership


Staff development, including in-service education, is an excellent method for improving instruction in our schools. Five common components of in-service models (needs assessment, establishing priorities, determining objectives, developing a program format, and evaluation) and four recommendations are discussed. Based on a selective literature review, three models of in-service education are presented based on two levels of operation. Orientation (expanding general knowledge) and In-Depth, Long-Term (emphasizing learning new skills) and three elements required for educational change; personal, organization-related, and curriculum-related development. The model used by a local school district is investigated and critiqued. Recommendations for empirical research are given.


A Field Project Presented to the Department of Psychology and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Specialist in Education University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright Leanne Aurand Gifford July, 1988