Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)


Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. Mary Lickteig

Second Advisor

Dr. Thomas Petrie

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert O'Reilly


For decades, there has been a continuous debate regarding the effect that school related activities have on their participants in later life. Some educators believe that school activities are a laboratory of the school curriculum and produce positive traits like leadership, self-esteem, and social and emotional development (Walter and Smith, 1986). However, many educators feel that activities (i.e. athletics) are too predominant in the educational process (Miller, 1985).


Presented to the Graduate Faculty University of Nebraska at Omaha In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Specialist in Education. Copyright W. Scott Clark October, 1987