Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Specialist in Education (Ed.S.)



First Advisor

Dr. Lisa Kelly-Vance


Several individuals need to be acknowledged for their help with this project_ First and foremost, I would like to sincerely thank Melissa Hall and Kelly Branecki. Without their help in data collection, this project would not have been completed. The 5:00 a.m. trip and five-hour drive demonstrated their enthusiasm and dedication to this project. I would also like to thank the administrators who allowed their schools to participate in my study. Additional thanks goes to my committee members, Dr. Robert Woody, Dr. John Hill, and Dr. Hans Langner for their help and feedback. In addition, my advisor, Dr. Lisa Kelly-Vance provided me with excellent feedback and support from beginning to end. On a personal note, I would like to thank all my friends and family for their support of my entire graduate school experience. A big thanks goes to my friend and colleague, Holly Zumpfe, who made my graduate school experience a rewarding time. I think we have read enough of one another's work to last a lifetime. Dr. Mark Shriver and Dr. Judy Mathews were vital resources throughout this endeavor. Their professionalism and drive left a lasting impression that I will forever carry. I am eternally grateful to my parents, Tim and Gay, who have always supported and guided me in reaching my goals. Additional gratitude goes to my brothers, Joe and Jeff, who were willing participants for many school projects. Finally, a special thanks goes to my wonderful husband, Jim, who was supportive of every aspect of my graduate school experience. His help with studying, proofreading papers, listening to my stories, and patience made graduate school less stressful. Completion of this project and graduate school would not have been as enjoyable without the contributions and support of these individuals.


An EdS Field Project Presented to the Department of Psychology and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Specialist in Education University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright 1998 Jean M. Schumacher