Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Music (MMUS)




The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that influence attrition in instrumental music students in grade six, eight, ten and twelve. The investigation utilized a thirteen statement survey to elicit information from students. Categories included in the survey were: 1) scheduling as it relates to the availability of classes and opportunity for enrollment; 2) students' perceived level of encouragement and support from parents and band directors; 3) students' perceived level of musical ability and success; and, 4) other influences such as friends, jobs, other activities (school and non-school related), type of performances, and instrument ownership. Non-parametric statistics utilizing chi square procedures were used to analyze the data. · Responses from students (N=1006) revealed the highest dropout rate occurred after the eighth-grade year. The results indicated teachers and parents have more influence on students' band participation at the lower grade levels. In addition, students in the upper grade levels reported more often that conflicts with school schedules and other activities were reasons for dropping band. Finally, the study demonstrated that marching band may be a significant attrition factor, particularly at the eighth-grade level.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Music and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Music University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright 1996 William Lovgren.