Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Music (MMUS)



First Advisor

Dr. Melissa Berke


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of teaching techniques on perceptions of causal attributes among low socioeconomic students enrolled in beginning band classes. Intact-classes at four schools (N=42) were given a twenty-item survey that was designed to identify one of four factors (effort, ability, task difficulty and luck) as a perceived attribute for success in beginning band. Over a period of six weeks, subjects (N=21) in the treatment group received 30 minutes of instruction. Within that time frame, 10 minutes utilized teaching techniques designed to focus on the attribute of effort. Subjects (N=21) in the control group received 30 minutes of standard instrumental music instruction. Following the treatment, a posttest was given and gain scores were compared through statistical analysis. The frequency distribution of attributes for both pretest and posttest measures was as follows: effort, ability, task difficulty and luck.· No significant difference was found between control and treatment groups.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Music and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Music University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright 2001 Gail R. Carpenter-Johnson.