Date of Award
Master of Music (MMUS)
Dr. Melissa Berke
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of teaching techniques on perceptions of causal attributes among low socioeconomic students enrolled in beginning band classes. Intact-classes at four schools (N=42) were given a twenty-item survey that was designed to identify one of four factors (effort, ability, task difficulty and luck) as a perceived attribute for success in beginning band. Over a period of six weeks, subjects (N=21) in the treatment group received 30 minutes of instruction. Within that time frame, 10 minutes utilized teaching techniques designed to focus on the attribute of effort. Subjects (N=21) in the control group received 30 minutes of standard instrumental music instruction. Following the treatment, a posttest was given and gain scores were compared through statistical analysis. The frequency distribution of attributes for both pretest and posttest measures was as follows: effort, ability, task difficulty and luck.· No significant difference was found between control and treatment groups.
Carpenter-Johnson, Gail R., "The effect of teaching techniques on the perception of effort as a causal attribute for success or failure in beginning band." (2001). Student Work. 2959.