Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Political leaders have long been aware that their success or failure depends directly on the mood of the voting populace. Thus, it was natural for these political leaders to employ public relations practitioners to not only deter mine the mood of the citizenry, but in some cases to help improve it. But in 1913, because of the broad criticism of 19 propaganda" in government, "publicity agents" were prohibited from being employed anywhere in any of the executive agencies unless authorized by Congress. The result of this act was the evasive hiring of publicity experts under such titles as "Director of Information", "Editor-in-Chief", and "Director of Publications".
Hallinan, Gene Marie Tracey, "An analysis of the role of the public information officer in state and local government with an indepth analysis of the public information officer in Nebraska and Iowa government offices." (1984). Student Work. 2985.