Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




Political leaders have long been aware that their success or failure depends directly on the mood of the voting populace. Thus, it was natural for these political leaders to employ public relations practitioners to not only deter­ mine the mood of the citizenry, but in some cases to help improve it. But in 1913, because of the broad criticism of 19 propaganda" in government, "publicity agents" were prohibited from being employed anywhere in any of the executive agencies unless authorized by Congress. The result of this act was the evasive hiring of publicity experts under such titles as "Director of Information", "Editor-in-Chief", and "Director of Publications".


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Communication and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright 1984 Gene Marie Tracey Hallinan.