Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Dr. Robert Harper
The nineteenth century into which Ralph Waldo Emerson was born was one of the most challenging periods in history. Throughout the world the century marked the rise of the common man, and a revolt against tyranny as evidenced by the revolutions in Italy, Spain and Germany in 1820, the revolutions of the Greeks against the Turks in 1829, the civil revolution in France in 1830, Belgium's revolt against Holland in 1831, and the revolutions throughout Europe in 1848. England avoided these revolutions only because parliament passed a number of reform bills. The revolutions in society, and industry, in intellectual and religious fears, and in literature, were accelerated as the nineteenth century advanced.
Ricks, Nadine, "Emerson's Transcendental Democracy: A Look at Emerson's Views on American Politics" (1964). Student Work. 3238.
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